Paul Klee, Ad Parnassum, 1932
In the 1930s, Klee applied his own variety into several Neo-Impressionism compositions that culminated into Ad Parnassum in 1932. Klee covered the canvas with thick daubs of bright paint that were marshaled into distinct forms using a few strong lines to delineate a pyramid form as if it was found beneath the sun. Klee believed that visual compositions were analogous with music and that one could apply musical principals to painting. The title of the work derives from the musical treatise, Gradus ad Parnassum (Stairway to Parnassus); Parnassus being a scared mountain of the Greek god Apollo and of his muses (H.H. Arnason and Elizabeth C. Mansfield, History of Modern Art. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, 2009, 306).